Different Facial Skin Types and How To Care For Them
In the pursuit of achieving beautiful glowing skin, many people embark a journey of buying and using anything to make their dream come true. Whether or not the product works depends on skin type and product compatibility. Many people don’t know their skin type and use any supposedly nice product. No matter how amazing a skincare product is, if it’s not meant for your skin type, it’s either not going to work or make your skin problems worse.
There are 5 different facial skin types.
- Dry skin type
- Oily skin type
- Combination skin type
- Normal skin type
- Sensitive skin type
Now that we know for a fact that there are different types of facial skin, the next thing is to learn how to identify your skin type.
You can identify your skin type by these two methods:
1.The blotting sheet method
- The cleansing / bare face methods
The Blotting Sheet Method
The blotting sheet method is much faster than the bare face method. All you need do is gently hold a blotting paper closely to your skin, bringing it in contact with the different areas of your face.
Remove and hold the sheet up to the light. If the sheet picks up little or no oil, you most likely have dry skin.
If the blotting sheet shows oil from the T – Zone of your face i.e. the forehead, nose and chin areas, you have a combination skin type.
If the sheet is not too dry or too oily, you have the normal skin type.
Finally, if the sheet is filled with oil, it is extremely likely that you have an oily skin.
The Cleansing / Bare Face Method
Step 1: Cleanse your face with a gentle cleanser/ wash your face with a gentle soap to remove all makeup, oil, and dirt.
Step 2: Dry your face by dabbing with a soft towel. Don’t apply anything afterwards. Leave your face bare for one hour. Don’t touch your face during this one-hour duration.
Step 3: After an hour, take a good look at your face.
DRY FACIAL SKIN
If after the one hour, your face feels tight, itchy and has flaky patches, you have a dry skin. This is mostly caused by a decrease of fatty acid (lipids) in your skin, little or no oil production in your skin, genetics, excessive smoking and alcohol, spending too much time in the sun, harsh chemicals in skin care products, hot showers, and dry climate.
OILY FACIAL SKIN.
If after the one hour, you notice excess oil on your face, you have an oily skin. Although oily skin makes you look younger, less wrinkly and more robust because of the excess natural moisture, pores are enlarged and this leads to acne and blackheads. The causes of oily skin are excess production of oil (sebum), hormones, humid climates, stress, and over-drying your skin which makes it produce more oil.
COMBINATION FACIAL SKIN.
If there is a greater density of oil in the T-zone of the face – the nose, chin, and forehead, but dryness in the other parts of your face especially the cheeks and jawline, you have a combination skin. The causes of combination skin are excess production of oil in the T-zone. Your present skin care products might also be causing some skin imbalance.
NORMAL FACIAL SKIN
If your skin feels good and even, is not oily or dry, has no severe sensitivity, has barely visible pores, and has a radiant complexion, you are lucky to have normal facial skin. The most likely cause can be linked to genetics.
SENSITIVE FACIAL SKIN
If your skin is itchy, dry, or red after the test, you have sensitive skin. Your skin is inflammable and irritable. You may react when using a new product, or you easily experience conditions such as eczema. Sensitive skin is caused by hormone fluctuations, weather (heat and cold), dry climates, harsh water or harsh skin care products.
Having described each of the facial skin types, below is a discussion on how to care for each type of skin.
First and foremost, the golden rule for every skin type is, to always do a 24-hour test patch on skin before applying a new product to your entire face.
CARE FOR DRY SKIN
- Avoid alcohol and sulfate-based products, which can decrease your skin’s natural oil.
- Bathe with warm water and not very hot water, as hot water can also reduce skin oil. Bathe just once a day and don’t take too much time bathing.
- Get a humidifier for your home or bedroom if you use a heater or live in a dry climate.
- Use mild, gentle facial soaps and cleansers. Avoid soaps with fragrance.
- Don’t scrub while bathing or drying. Just dab at skin when drying.
- Apply a moisturizer right after bathing, especially ointments and creams.
- Wear gloves when using solvents and detergents.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Use aloe vera, juices, yoghurt, coconut oil, almond oil and rosewater on skin.
CARE FOR OILY SKIN
- Avoid Oil-based cleansers, moisturizers, and makeup.
- Bathe regularly with warm water and gentle soap.
- Use products that have salicylic acid, glycolic acid, beta-hydroxy acid and benzoyl acid.
- Use a toner/astringent.
- Use lemon and peppermint tea on your skin.
CARE FOR COMBINATION SKIN
Combination skin can be tricky to treat because you’re dealing with two different skin types.
- Avoid alcohol-based products that dry the skin easily.
- Avoid skin care products made for oil control or ultra hydration to treat your entire face. You can use separate products to target the oily T-zone and other products for the dry areas.
- Exfoliate at night.
CARE FOR NORMAL FACIAL SKIN
Normal skin is one of the easiest skin types to take care of.
- Include anti-aging and hydrating products in your skincare routine.
- Concentrate on your present skincare routine. Don’t change skin care routine without first testing a new product on a part of your skin for 24 hours.
CARE FOR SENSITIVE FACIAL SKIN
- Don’t use products with lots of harsh chemicals and fragrance.
- Avoid any skin care products that contain ingredients that might cause inflammation, allergies, or irritations.
In summary, these are the general skin care tips for any skin type:
- Stay hydrated.
- Stay away from direct sunlight.
- Don’t smoke or drink alcohol excessively.
- Don’t wear makeup to bed. Bathe gently every day.
- Moisturize thoroughly.
- Use authentic skin care products.
HOW TO IDENTIFY GENUINE SKIN CARE PRODUCTS.
- Suitable for your skin type
- Available and affordable
- Available in hygienic packages and are travel-friendly
- Natural, non-toxic, non-irritating, and non-steroid
- Makes skin fresh, healthy, supple, and bacterial free
- Moisturize well and have a long-lasting effects on skin
- Great skin barrier against bacteria and infections
A good example of a genuine product is Psodex. Psodex skin care products are skin barrier products that are non-steroid, natural, moisturizing and hypoallergenic.
In addition, Psodex products help maintain constant skin temperature and restore skin balance and beauty. They also help protect the skin against bacteria and skin diseases.
Choosing Psodex skin care products means your skin is in safe hands.